To see how these new numbers can be applied to estimating the corresponding optimal configuration of Sawzall machines, let's take the worst case estimate of 10 seconds for the preprocessing time. First, we convert 10 s to 10/60 = 0.1666667 min (original units) and plot that constant as the horizontal line (gray) in the lower part to the figure at left (click to enlarge). Next, we extend the PDQ elapsed-time model (blue curve) until it intersects the horizontal line. That point is the optimum, as I explained in class, and it occurs at p = 18,600 machines (vertical line).
That's more than thirty times the number of machines reported in the original Google paper—those data points appear on the left side of the plot. Because of the huge scale involved, it is difficult to see the actual intersection, so the figure on the right shows a zoomed-in view of the encircled area. Increasing the number of parallel machines beyond the vertical line means that the elapsed time curve (blue) goes into the region below the horizontal line. The horizontal line represents the fixed preprocessing time, so it becomes the system bottleneck as the degree of parallelism is increased. Since the elapsed times in that region would always be less than the bottleneck service time, they can never be realized. Therefore, adding more parallel machines will not improve response time performance.
Conversely, a shorter preprocessing time of 500 ms (i.e., a shorter bottleneck service time) should permit a higher degree of parallelism.